By Steven L. Kuhn, Erella Hovers (auth.), Erella Hovers, Steven L. Kuhn (eds.)

Modern human origins and the destiny of the Neanderthals are arguably the main compelling and contentious arenas in paleoanthropology. The much-discussed break up among advocates of a unmarried, early emergence of anatomically smooth people in sub-Saharan Africa and supporters of assorted local continuity positions is barely a part of the image. both if no more vital are questions surrounding the origins of recent habit, and the relationships among anatomical and behavioral adjustments that happened in the past 200,000 years. even if smooth people as a species should be outlined when it comes to their skeletal anatomy, it's their habit, and the social and cognitive constructions that aid that habit, which such a lot in actual fact distinguish Homo sapiens from prior varieties of humans.

This e-book assembles researchers operating in Eurasia and Africa to debate the archaeological list of the center Paleolithic and the center Stone Age. this can be a period of time while Homo sapiens final shared the realm with different species, and through which styles of habit attribute of recent people constructed and coalesced. Contributions to this quantity question and problem a few present notions concerning the pace and mode of cultural evolution, and concerning the methods that underlie the emergence of recent habit. The papers specialise in a number of primary questions. Do usual parts of "modern human habit" seem without notice, or are there prior archaeological precursors of them? Are the archaeological documents of the center Paleolithic and heart Stone Age unchanging and monotonous, or are there detectable evolutionary developments inside those sessions? Coming to varied conclusions, the papers during this quantity open up new avenues to puzzling over this important period in human evolutionary history.

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Extra resources for Transitions Before the Transition: Evolution and Stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age

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Out of Africa” from an Egyptian point of view. Quaternary International 75: 103–112. W. and D. Kaufman 1983. A reassessment of the Emireh point as a possible type fossil for the technological shift from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic in the Levant. In E. ), The Mousterian Legacy (BAR International Series 164), pp. 35–52. Oxford: BAR. E. Close, R. Schild, A. P. H. Miller, K. Kowalski, H. Krolik, ¨ 1990. Le dernier interglaciaire dans le Sahara oriental. A. Bluszcz, D. Robins and R. Grun L’Anthropologie 94: 361–391.

20 Mousterian “facies” since 1985 strongly suggests that the west Eurasian Mousterian is more complex and variable than previously thought. , over evolutionary time), and that formal convergence likely overrides any “cultural” component supposedly present in the form of retouched stone tools. , Bar-Yosef 1991; Clark 1993, 2002b; see papers in Straus 2002). , Neeley and Barton 1994; Goring-Morris 1996). , Marks and Chabai 1998; Chabai and Monigal 1999; Chabai et al. 2004; Brantingham et al. 2004).

An early bone tool industry from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, symbolism and language. Journal of Human Evolution 41: 631–678. , F. d’Errico, R. Yates, Z Jacobs, C. T. Duller, N. C. Valladas, I. G. Wintle 2002. Emergence of modern human behavior: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa. Science 295: 1278–1280. GENERAL INTRODUCTION 11 Hovers E. 1997. Variability of Lithic Assemblages and Settlement Patterns in the Levantine Middle Paleolithic: Implications for the Development of Human Behavior.

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