By Diane B. Paul
This ebook explores the advance of hybrid corn, the historical past of eugenics, human genetics, the nature-nurture debate, the origins of the Marxian idea of proletarian technology, the shift within the which means of "fitness" in evolutionary idea, the perform of standard technology in Nazi Germany, and the making and promoting of technology textbooks. whereas the subjects are different, a standard subject matter unites them - each one explores hyperlinks among organic technological know-how, social strength, and public coverage.
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Additional resources for The politics of heredity: essays on eugenics, biomedicine, and the nature-nurture debate
35 It is probable that geneticists would have come under attack during the "cultural revolution" of the 1920s even in the absence of any link to eugenics. The 1920s witnessed an upsurge of "Lamarckian" sentiment in the Soviet Union that was directed against plant and animal as well as human genetics and whose roots were found in the revolutionary optimism of a public (particularly radical students in the universities) to whom everything seemed possible to those with the will to make it so. It is hardly surprising that the newly revolutionized students and workers were more attracted to "Lamarckism" than to the views associated with Mendel, Weismann, Page 21 and T.
The claims of such sociology of knowledge (SSK) practitioners as David Bloor, who adopts a stance of "moral neutrality," 6 or Harry Collins, who asserts that SSK leaves science exactly as it is,7 certainly lend it credence. In The Golem: What Everyone Should Know about Science, Harry Collins and Trevor Pinch toll the story of cold fusion. Their tale revolves around scientists and administrators whose motivations are crassly commercial. The desire to patent and market the discovery leads scientists to hype their results, which are announced at press conferences rather than in journals, and to withhold details of their experiments.
Flax, p. 458. 13. For Marx (London: Allen Lane, 1969), p. 1. 14. Stanley Fish, "Professor Sokal's Bad Joke," New York Times, May 21, 1996, p. A23. Page 11 2 Eugenics And The Left Preface As my interest in history of science took root, the first questions that captured my attention were those directly related to topics with which I was already engaged as a political scientistin particular, the history of Marxism. Three early essays (not reprinted in this volume), "Marxism, Darwinism, and the Theory of Two Sciences," "'In the Interests of Civilization': Marxist Views of Race and Culture in the Nineteenth Century," and "A War on Two Fronts: J.