By J. S. Weiner
Author note: version has new creation and later on by means of Chris Stringer, March 2003
Publish 12 months note: initially released in 1955. reproduction is the fiftieth Anniversary edition.
Pages note: PDF is 249 pages and pagination is 212.
For many years the is still of fossils present in Piltdown, England have been believed to return from a "missing link," a creature with a human skull and an ape's jaw. Dr. Weiner indicates how he chanced on the reality approximately those is still, and went directly to disclose one of many world's maximum medical frauds.
Read or Download The Piltdown Forgery (50th Anniversary Edition) PDF
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Extra info for The Piltdown Forgery (50th Anniversary Edition)
If the jaw and cranium had not come together by nature or by blind accident then could they have got there by human agency? This would mean that someone by mischance or error had dropped a fossil jaw in the pit (perhaps used as a rubbish dump) dug in gravel which happened to contain other fossil remnants. But surely this could hardly have been repeated at the second site? Perhaps site II was after all of exaggerated significance or had been mistakenly interpreted. As Hrdlicka2 and others had been saying all along, perhaps the single molar might not really be ape or have any affinity whatever with the first teeth, so that the Sheffield Park fragments, despite their other similarities to those at Piltdown, would simply be a quite ordinary set of human remains.
For the many new palaeontological discoveries of the previous decade had left the Dawn Man completely isolated and without any certain affinities in the broad stream of human evolution. It must be remembered that when Woodward and Dawson made their momentous announcement in 1912 the number of fossils which had any bearing on the early stages of human evolution could be counted on the fingers of one hand. The most primitive of these was Java man. Hailed when it was found in 1891 as ^missing link, even its discoverer, Dubois, began to have doubts whether he had in fact correctly described the creature as an ancestral human being.
The chemical and physical tests had yielded overwhelming proof 8 of the primary contention that the jaw was modern and gave some clear evidence of fraudulent activity. Those tests had disposed of a major objection (the original fluorine values), confirmed the postulated expectations (in the new fluorine values, the nitrogen results, and the iron-staining) and added a whole new series of independent confirmatory evidence (the tests for organic carbon, bound water, radioactivity and the 'apatite-crystal').