By Robert P. Beckinsale, Richard J. Chorley

This quantity presents an international therapy of historic and neighborhood geomorphic paintings because it built from the top of the 19th century to the hiatus of the second one international struggle. The booklet bargains with the burgeoning of the eustatic conception, the options of isostasy and epeirogeny, and the 1st entire statements of the cycle of abrasion and of polycyclic denudation chronology.

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Hayford (1911), Bowie (1917, 1921, 1927) and Reid (1922) were strong advocates of the efficacy of isostatic forces in bringing about compensation even on a local level in the face of low values of crustal strength, whereas Gilbert (1895), Barrell (1914b, 1919), Born (1923), Putnam (1930) and Gunn (1949:267, 278) favoured higher estimates for crustal strength and allowed the possibility of isostatic compensation only on a large-scale regional basis. C. Chamberlin (1927) even went so far as to deny the existence of hydrostatic conditions in the crust and proposed substituting the term ‘elastasy’ for isostasy.

1963) ‘The diastrophic background to twentieth century geomorphological thought’, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 74:953–70. W. (1927) The Structure of the Alps, London: Arnold. A. (1905) ‘Accordance of summit levels among Alpine mountains’, Journal of Geology 13:105–25. ——(1926) Our Mobile Earth, New York: Scribners. D. (1873) ‘On some results of the earth’s contraction from cooling, including a discussion of the origin of mountains and the nature of the earth’s interior’, American Journal of Science 3rd series, 5: (30): 423–43; 6: (31): 6–14, (32): 104–15, (33): 161–72.

CRUSTAL CHANGES 21 Crust (1881) as a possible cause of disintegration and lateral movement of cooled magmatic crust. Like some of his contemporaries Fisher believed in a relatively fluid interior but he went far beyond them in suggesting, as an adequate cause of earth tectonics, convection currents which rose beneath oceans and sank beneath continents. Dutton, in discussing isostasy, also favoured a crude kind of internal convection based on continental erosion carrying sediments from the land to the coast, so causing the one to tend to rise and the other to sink, thereby creating an imbalance.

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