By Frederick Leslie Robertson

Этот фундаментальный труд создан Командующим Инженерными Силами Британского Королевского флота и прослеживает развитие вооружения боевых кораблей (гладкоствольного и нарезного) в процессе эволюции их от парусных до винтовых. Работа чрезвычайно детализирована и включает опытные оценки различных событий за прошедшие десятилетия. Книга написана в доступном для читателя стиле. Много редких фотографий, иллюстраций и схем. faster Bit info inventory Deposit documents

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THE SAILING SHIP With the seventeenth century a new age 15 of scientific specu- lation opened, and, under the personal encouragement of the Stuart kings, the art and mystery of shipbuilding received an illumination which was of great value to the royal armaments. ^ Before the sixteenth century, he tells us, no special trade was recognized : for the building of warships, as distinct from traders. But in the early Tudor days, when, owing to the introduction of the new artillery the war vessel began to diverge in general design from the merchant ship, certain master shipwrights had been subsidized by the king for the building and repair of the royal vessels.

The ship, especially the timberbuilt sailing warship, was essentially a compromise between a number of conflicting elements. To obtain full value from his builder. the designer required as free as possible a choice of means end and any over-drawing of the specification, or of data surplusage beyond the barest requirements, tended to skill to his tie his was ; hands and render impossible a satisfactory design. this over-specifying of dimensions in the interests It of 22 EVOLUTION OF NAVAL ARMAMENT standardization which, as we stultified shall presently see, England not only in the seventeenth but shipbuilding of the eighteenth century.

But later this number was reduced to three. Of these the foremast was the most important, and it was stepped directly over the fore-foot of the vessel, the main and mizzen being pitched to suit. Their height varied with the service and type of ship. Taunt masts, like those carried by the Flemish ships, were best for sailing on a wind, for with them narrow sails could be used which could be set at a sharp angle with the keel but short masts and broad yards were favoured by English mariners, as bringing less strain on a vessel's sides and rigging and as being less likely to produce a state of dangerous instability.

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