By Daniel N. Schowalter

Pliny, the more youthful. Panegyricus.
Trajan, Emperor of Rome, 53-117.
Rome -- faith -- background.

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Additional resources for The Emperor and the Gods: Images from the Time of Trajan (Harvard Dissertations in Religion, Volume 28)

Sample text

In Rome as well, Hadrian was busy building. Although he did not spend much time in the Capitol, he allocated much money for the construction and renovation of its religious complexes and monuments. Pantheon is probably the most famous p r o j e c t , structed a temple for his divinized predecessor 107 108 106 Of these, the but Hadrian also con­ and built or rebuilt the quarters of many other gods. Among those buildings in Rome, however, that were affected by Hadrian's beneficence, there is a dearth of evidence for works dedicated to J u p i t e r .

4), and Trajan is even more worthy of praise than is Titus. The first prin­ ceps, Augustus, does not appear in the Panegyricus as a role model. The only other Roman leader who serves as a positive example for Trajan is Pompey, who "pushed bribery from [elections] on the Campus Martius, drove pirates from the seas, and strode in triumph across East and West" (Pan. 2 9 . 1 ) . In spite of this impressive litany of Pompey's achievements, Trajan 12 13 14 15 1 6 12 Pan. £p. 13,2. Pan. 3,5. In fact he is more worthy of being deified.

He contrasts the days after Actium, "when the interests of peace required that all power should be concentrated in the hands of one man, writers of like ability disappeared; and at the same time truth was impaired in many w a y s , " with the situation under Trajan, when "we may feel what we wish and may say what we f e e l . " These positive words of Tacitus, and the strong sense of approval in the Panegyricus, should not be taken to mean that the senators were convinced that Trajan was the answer to their problems.

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