By Jaroslav Pelikan

"A tremendous background of doctrine."—New York evaluate of Books "In this quantity Jaroslav Pelikan keeps the sumptuous paintings he has performed so far in his projected five-volume historical past of the advance of Christian doctrine, outlined as 'what the Church believes, teaches, and confesses at the foundation of the notice of God.' the full paintings turns into an essential source not just for the historical past of doctrine but additionally for its reformulation at the present time. Copious documentation within the margins and cautious indexing upload to its giant usefulness."—E. Glenn Hinson, Christian Century "This ebook relies on a so much meticulous exam of medieval experts and the expansion of medieval theology is basically advised of their personal phrases. what's extra very important, besides the fact that, then the magnificent variety of basic assets the writer has consulted or his sovereign familiarity with glossy reviews on his topic, is his skill to figure shape and path within the bewildering development of medieval Christian doctrine, and, through considerate emphasis and choice, to teach the trend of that improvement in a lucid and persuasive narrative. nobody attracted to the background of Christianity or theology and no medievalist, regardless of the box of specialization, may be capable of forget about this awesome synthesis."—Bernhard W. Scholz, heritage "The sequence is clearly the crucial textual content for graduate theological learn within the improvement of doctrine, and an enormous reference for students of spiritual and highbrow heritage to boot. . . . Professor Pelikan's sequence marks an important departure, and in him we now have finally a grasp teacher."—Marjorie O'Rourke Boyle, Commonweal

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Additional resources for The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Vol. 3: The Growth of Medieval Theology (600-1300)

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It has become a truism that medieval man was not aware of belonging to an age that stood in the "middle" between the ancient and the modern periods. Medieval theologians themselves spoke of being part of the "modern" era. Thus a ninth-century scholar, in the course of the debate over the doctrine of predestination, contrasted the age of the church fathers with "the modern time," in which he knew himself to be living. " Yet that does not mean that the idea of belonging to "the middle age" was unknown to these centuries.

In the controversies of the ninth century over the Eucharist Gregory came to be cited as an authority in his own right, as did the Venerable Bede. Less than two decades after his death, Isidore of Seville, the docile "compiler" of earlier authorities, was being designated "the most recent ornament of the catholic church" and "the most learned of men now at the end of the ages," and his theological works were held in "the highest veneration" by the centuries that followed. " When the doctrine to be discussed was the dogma of the Trinity, it was natural to cite "the reasons that Father Augustine in his books on the Holy Trinity regarded as of primary importance," or to cite "Augustine and the other orthodox theologians" as authorities in trinitarian doctrine.

Some of them also noted another contrast with the patristic period, the identification of the Eucharist rather The Middle Ages as "Age of Faith" 3 than of baptism as the most important sacrament in the church. It was a recognition of this contrast when defenders of the doctrine of the real presence felt obliged to account for the omission of the Eucharist from the creeds, which did refer to baptism; this was, they said, due to the absence of attacks on the faith of the church in the real presence.

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