By Leslie P. Francis, Anita Silvers, Rosamond Rhodes, Frances M. Kamm, Kenneth Kipnis, Robert T. Pennock, Julian Savulescu

The Blackwell consultant to clinical Ethics is a consultant to the complicated literature written at the more and more dense subject of ethics when it comes to the hot applied sciences of medicine.

  • Examines the foremost moral matters and debates that have resulted from the speedy advances in biomedical technology
  • Brings jointly the prime students from a variety of disciplines, together with philosophy, drugs, theology and legislation, to debate those issues
  • Tackles such themes as finishing lifestyles, sufferer selection, promoting physique components, resourcing and confidentiality
  • Organized with a coherent constitution that differentiates among the selections of people and people of social policy.

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Extra info for The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics

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There are many points at which a doctor and patient may disagree about whether there is a prudential reason (that is, whether an intervention is in the patient’s best interests) for some action. Three theories of well-being There are three main theories of well-being. Many modern philosophers advocate a combination of all three theories, on the grounds that each highlights relevant values not captured by the other two. Mental state or hedonistic theories Hedonistic theories of well-being are defined in terms of mental states.

It is possible that he might be guided in some good path, and kept out of harm’s way, without any of these things. But what will be his comparative worth as a human being? It really is of importance, not only what men do, but what manner of men they are that do it. Among the works of man, which human life is rightly employed in perfecting and beautifying, the first in importance is surely man himself. (Mill, 1910, p. 117) Individuality is the same thing with development, and . . it is only the cultivation of individuality which produces, or can produce, well-developed humans.

He is more likely to recover his health by having a transfusion. Overall, he has most reason to accept a blood transfusion. While he has a motivating reason to refuse a transfusion, he has no good reason to refuse a blood transfusion. Kinds of Normative Reasons for Action There are different kinds of normative reasons for action. Two kinds of reasons frequently account for or are relevant to controversial choices: prudential reasons and moral reasons. Prudential reasons Prudential reasons are reasons to do with a person’s well-being or best interests.

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