By Erik Parens

At a time while scientific applied sciences make it ever more straightforward to augment our minds and our bodies, a debate has arisen approximately even if such efforts advertise a means of "normalization," which makes it ever tougher to tolerate the normal anatomical adjustments between us. the talk turns into specifically complex while it addresses the surgical alteration, or "shaping," of youngsters. This quantity explores the moral and social matters raised via the hot proliferation of surgical procedures designed to make kids born with actual changes glance extra normal.

Using 3 cases―surgeries to put off craniofacial abnormalities comparable to cleft lip and palate, surgical procedures to right ambiguous genitalia, and surgical procedures to elongate the limbs of kids born with dwarfism―the members examine the tensions mom and dad event while making such life-altering judgements on behalf of or with their children.

The essays during this quantity supply in-depth examinations of the importance and boundaries of surgical alteration via own narratives, theoretical reflections, and urban feedback approximately how you can enhance the decision-making technique. Written from the views of affected teenagers and their mom and dad, future health care companies, and top students in philosophy, sociology, background, legislation, and medication, this assortment presents an built-in and complete beginning from which to think about a posh and arguable factor. It takes the reader on a trip from reflections at the details of present clinical practices to reflections on one of many private and most complicated of human wishes: the need for normality.

Contributors

Priscilla Alderson, Adrienne Asch, Cassandra Aspinall, Alice Domurat Dreger, James C. Edwards, Todd C. Edwards, Ellen ok. Feder, Arthur W. Frank, Lisa Abelow Hedley, Eva Fedder Kittay, Hilde Lindemann, Jeffery L. Marsh, Paul Steven Miller, Sherri G. Morris, Wendy E. Mouradian, Donald L. Patrick, Nichola Rumsey, Emily Sullivan Sanford, Tari D. Topolski

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Surgical Decision Making Involving Children This process of figuring out what I really wanted and helping others do the same has always been challenging. We all exist in a social environment. How I feel about myself will always be influenced by what others think of me. It’s not bad to want to improve your appearance. Obviously, making your way through this for yourself is very complex. But the issues become even more difficult when children are involved. The question at hand is, How do we help families to make these determinations with children?

2004. Health care professionals and intersex conditions. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 158:426–28. Kramer, P. D. 1993. Listening to Prozac. New York: Viking. , ed. 1998. Enhancing Human Traits: Ethical and Social Implications. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. ———. 2005. Authenticity and ambivalence: Toward understanding the enhancement debate. The Hastings Center Report 35 (3):34–41. , and A. Asch, eds. 2000. Prenatal Testing and Disability Rights. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

My Life beyond Adolescence and Surgery I have seen photos of myself before my initial surgery to fix my cleft lip. And I have never regretted that my parents chose those initial surgeries for me. I also have never felt that surgeries done to revise that first surgery should not have been done. But how I look at surgery has changed since I had my last operation, at around the age of 17. At some point, I decided I didn’t need to improve my appearance. I also didn’t need to look more like someone else who didn’t have a cleft.

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