By Dr. Thomas T. Ballmer, Dr. Waltraud Brennenstuhl (auth.)

This booklet provides a brand new type of speech acts. it's an adjust­ local to all formerly released classifications of speech acts. The type proposed here's in response to an in depth set of knowledge, identify­ lyon the entire verbs designating linguistic actions and features thereof. A theoretically and methodologically justifiable procedure is used to continue in a few steps from those info to the type. The category is documented in a lexicon with sections. the 1st part shows the type in all its information. every one verb is indexed to its that means on the acceptable position within the category. in accordance the second one, alphabetically ordered part permits one to find the verbs categorized within the first half. The speech act type as offered during this booklet has a few results for linguistic theorizing: the booklet makes advances in 3 linguistically proper fields - speech act concept, lexicology, and concept of which means. In speech act conception to start with after all a classifica­ tion is proposed that's theoretically justified and that is simul­ taneously dependent explicitly and systematically on linguistic facts. moment­ ly, a much wider notion of speech acts is brought which proves its worth by means of making attainable a linguistically justified category. Thirdly, the idea that of speech act series (or extra often partial order) is introduced into concentration as a tremendous organizational precept of the semantic relation among speech acts.

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We cannot go into details here, because to find the reasons for regrouping typifications and models is a subtle and extensive task. , TO, TV, TP). 7) The speech act classification we present lacks, strictly speaking, the third phase, the justificatory phase. This phase would require us to provide paraphrases for each verb which justify the category, the verbs it contains, and the place of the category in a model by means of the form and structure of these paraphrases. In a further step the models and their places in the entire classification could also be justified by means of the form and structure of these paraphrases, and hence even the entire classification.

The higher levels of the semantical organization of the lexicon (model groups, parts of speech, text types) exhibit their true shape only by sufficiently holistic approaches relying substantially on the lower levels. This is one of the leading lines of approaching our program of analyzing the "irregular" parts of language. 19) gets its stable and justifiable fonn from the larger scale analysis of all verbs. For this reason we display here the model groups of the classification of the entire verb thesaurus.

4 Criticism of Competing Proposals We shall now expose alternative proposals of classifying speech activities, mainly Austin's and Searle's, put forth some criticisms, and compare them to our own approach. The reason that we choose these two authors is that Austin seems to be the first to have noticed the importance of a program of speech act classification, and that Searle in relation to Austin seems to have worked out such a classification most explicitly and originally. Since Austin and Searle some further classifications of speech acts or speech act verbs have been developed.

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