By Alvaro Macieira-Coelho (auth.), Professor Dr. Alvaro Macieira-Coelho (eds.)
This e-book covers a sizzling topic in mobile biology; i.e. how the telephone surroundings sends messages to the mobilephone, regulates gene expression, and modulates the mobile phenotype. for a very long time the extracellular matrix was once believed to have just a aiding position for phone attachement. although, it grew to become obvious that the matrix participates actively in telephone metabolism. The experiments that resulted in this end are defined during this quantity. steadily, molecules were pointed out that transmit this signaling on the cell-matrix interface. Their id and mechanism of motion also are illustrated during this booklet. ultimately, it explains the function the cell-matrix dating performs within the law of telephone proliferation, mobilephone differentiation, and the expression of malignancy.
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Extra resources for Signaling Through the Cell Matrix
First, talin has been shown to bind directly to integrins as well as FAK in vivo (Horwitz et al. -H. -L. Guan et al. 1995). Second, talin binding to FAK did not depend upon FAK phosphorylation and activation, suggesting that this binding occurred prior to FAK activation and phosphorylation by integrins (Guan 1997). Third, the membrane distal region of ~1 integrin was required for both integrin activation of FAK (Guan et al. 1991) and talin binding to ~1 integrin as shown by protein interaction assays (Chen et al.
Cell Motil Cytoskeleton 40:1-12 Danowski BA, Harris AK (1988) Changes in fibroblast contractility, morphology, and adhesion in response to a phorbol ester tumor promoter. Exp Cell Res 177:47-59 Danowski BA, Imanaka-Yoshida K, Sanger JM, Sanger JW (1992) Costameres are sites of force transmission to the substratum in adult rat cardiomyocytes. J Cell BioI 118: 1411-1420 Darby I, Skalli 0, Gabbiani G (1990) Alpha-smooth muscle actin is transiently expressed by myofibroblasts during experimental wound healing.
1999; Grinnell et al. 1999). 7 Muscle Skeletal and cardiac muscle cells are highly differentiated for contractility and have well-developed cytoskeletal system and subsarcolemmal cytoskeletons The Transmission of Contractility Through Cell Adhesion 27 for contraction and contractile transmission (reviewed in Small et al. 1992; Berthier and Blaineau 1997). 1 Myotendinous Junctions Myotendinous junctions are major force transmISSIOn sites in skeletal myocytes to connective tissue (tendon) (Tidball and Daniel 1986).