Offers a heritage of historical American civilizations ahead of the arriving of Columbus, discussing historical past, agriculture, faith, structure, artwork, and politics.

Show description

Read or Download Pre-Columbian America: Empires of the New World (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations) PDF

Best history books

Greek Religion: Archaic and Classical

This can be the 1st significant synthesis of Greek faith to seem for a new release. A in actual fact based and readable survey for classical students and scholars, it's going to even be in most cases welcomed because the most sensible sleek account of any polytheistic non secular process. The textual content builds up a powerful and coherent photo of the present country of information in regards to the faith of the traditional Greeks.

A History of the Later Roman Empire, AD 284–641 (2nd Edition)

The second one version of A historical past of the Later Roman Empire gains huge revisions and updates to the highly-acclaimed, sweeping old survey of the Roman Empire from the accession of Diocletian in advert 284 to the loss of life of Heraclius in 641.

• incorporates a revised narrative of the political background that formed the overdue Roman Empire
• contains vast alterations to the chapters on neighborhood historical past, in particular these with regards to Asia Minor and Egypt
• bargains a renewed assessment of the decline of the empire within the later 6th and 7th centuries
• locations a bigger emphasis at the army deficiencies, cave in of country funds, and position of bubonic plague through the Europe in Rome’s decline
• comprises systematic updates to the bibliography

Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times

This can be the 1st e-book to deal comprehensively with the archaeology of rafts, boats, and ships from the Stone Age to Medieval instances. all of the areas of the area are coated, from Atlantic Europe and the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, the China Sea, and the Pacific.

Additional resources for Pre-Columbian America: Empires of the New World (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations)

Example text

The account of Gustav Nachtigal, from 1874 but with historical information collected at court, provides copious detail. A huge royal household, with fulsome titles and perquisites, surrounded the sultan; the layout of the royal enclosure reflected his and their places in the hierarchy, combining practical function with ritual significance. In its central zone were the private quarters of the sultan, his principal wife, and his concubines, whose care was in the hands of slave girls and eunuchs. 22 Whether there was a “chancery” there before the restoration of the sultanate in 1898 is unknown.

Such grants varied in type and size. Rights in a defined community or tract involved exemptions from taxation; high offices of state carried with them responsibilities for and privileges in whole regions. Hints of feudal arrangements lie in the reciprocal relations of the sultan and such officeholders, whose rights in land and obligations at time of war are suggestive. The extent to which estate holders legally taxed, withheld tax due the sultan, illegally imposed their own obligations on tenants or communities, and upheld or conflicted with the authority of the local shartay must have varied according to time and place.

His person was sacred, his diet prescribed, his panoply infused with ritual meaning and taboo; his accession and death were marked by ceremony, and he alone was called on to perform various seasonal and religious rites, all of them heavy with symbolism. The account of Gustav Nachtigal, from 1874 but with historical information collected at court, provides copious detail. A huge royal household, with fulsome titles and perquisites, surrounded the sultan; the layout of the royal enclosure reflected his and their places in the hierarchy, combining practical function with ritual significance.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.19 of 5 – based on 7 votes