By Maxine Snowden
Heroism and horror abound in those precise tales of sixteen nice explorers who journeyed to the Arctic and Antarctic areas, beautiful and exact ice wildernesses. stated are the intriguing North Pole adventures of Erik the crimson in 982 and the elusive searches for the “Northwest Passage” and “Farthest North” of Henry Hudson, Fridtjof Nansen, Fredrick prepare dinner, and Robert Peary. insurance of the South Pole starts with Captain prepare dinner in 1772; keeps in the course of the period of land grabbing and the race to arrive the Pole with James Clark Ross, Roald Amundsen, Robert Scott, and Ernest Shackleton; and ends with an exam of the scientists at paintings there this day. astonishing pictures and magazine entries, sidebars at the Inuit and polar animals, and interesting actions deliver the harrowing expeditions to existence. actions comprise creating a Viking compass, construction a version igloo, creating a pass employees to degree range, making a barometer, making pemmican, and writing a newspaper like William Parry’s “Winter Chronicle.” The North and South Poles develop into intriguing routes to studying approximately technological know-how, geography, and background.
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Extra info for Polar Explorers for Kids: Historic Expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic with 21 Activities (For Kids series)
The reason is that, at the time, there was no way to accurately measure longitude, the method of determining location and measuring distance by using imaginary fixed horizontal lines to encircle Earth. On seafaring voyages, longitude is measured by a ship’s clock, and it would be many years after Davis’s explorations before a clock that would accurately measure longitude would be invented. Icebergs are dangerous for explorers because they can break apart suddenly. The base of the iceberg, hidden under water, is sometimes much wider than its visible top; it can tear apart any ship that comes too close to it.
And it created in us no ordinary feelings of pleasure to see the British flag waving, for the first time, in these How Many Poles? U nbelievable as it sounds, there is actually more than one North Pole. The Geographic North Pole, which is located at 90 degrees zero minutes north latitude, is what most people mean when they talk about the North Pole. It’s also known as “true north,” because it’s as far north as you can get: walk in any direction from the North Pole, and you’ll be walking south.
In the note, Parry asked the person who found the bottle to write down the latitude and longitude at which the message was found and to send this information to the British government. This would allow Parry later to study how the water currents and wind had pushed along a bottle to its final destination. He wrote each note in several languages; after all, who knew where the bottle would end up? Parry tried to keep his crew busy and entertained during their long voyage. They grew watercress and mustard greens on the ship’s deck during the spring and summer, and inside during the winter.