By Frederick Fyvie Bruce

This concise but scholarly examine elucidates 4 of the non-Pauline activities within the early church, each one of whch may be pointed out with a specific chief: Peter, Stephen, James, and John. Bruce skillfully translates the restricted resource fabrics present in Paul's letters, the Acts of the Apostles, the Gospels, and different early Christian writings to supply an informative and illuminating paintings.

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Deut. 17:7. 19. Cf. Matt. 12:6; John 2:19. 20. Cf. R o m . l 2 : l ; Heb. ; 1 Pet. 2:5. 21. See pp. 8 2 f. 22. Cf. A. Spiro a n d C. S. Mann's appendices in J . Munck, The Acts of the Apostles, A n c h o r Bible (Garden City, N . Y . , 1967), pp. 285-304; M. H. Scharlemann, Stephen: A Singular Saint (Rome, 1968); C. H. H. Scobie, "The Origins a n d Development of Samaritan Christianity", NTS 19 (1972-73), pp. 3 9 0 - 4 1 4 . 23. Cf. O. Cullmann, "The Significance of the Q u m r a n Texts for Research into the Beginnings of Christianity", JBL 74 (1955), pp.

4 4 ( M 4 5 . 25. Cf. John 4:20. 26. 1QS 8 . 4 - 1 0 . The restoration of priesthood and sacrifice is presup­ posed in 1QM 2 . 1 - 6 . Cf. B. Gartner, The Temple and the Community in Qumran and the New Testament (Cambridge, 1965); also R. J. McKelvey, The New Temple (Oxford, 1969). 27. See pp. 114 ff. Stephen and Other Hellenists 57 document of Alexandrian Christianity - the Letter of Barnabas. If those w h o maintained this radical stance were called Hellenists by their more conservative brethren, the word, in the sense of "Hellenizers", with an implication of disparagement (as Marcel Simon has suggested), could have had a theological, as well as a cultural and linguistic, nuance.

Jews and Gentiles were to be found in almost every large city of the eastern Mediterranean world. It is unlikely that Paul felt himself debarred by the agreement from visiting synagogues in Gentile cities. We have his own word 36. Even between Paul and those against w h o m he polemicizes in Galatians, says J . D. G. Dunn, "what was at issue . . was not the traditional formulation of the gospel, but Paul's interpretation of it" (Unity and Diversity in the Neiv Testament [London, 1977], p. 66) - not the basic facts, but the terms on which their saving efficacy should be received.

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