By Stanislav Misak, Lukas Prokop

This e-book makes a speciality of the working stipulations of wind, photovoltaic and off-grid energy platforms. It offers info accrued from long term measurements of tangible commercial wind and sunlight farms, and gives distinct analyses of the implications. This detailed information is supported by means of a wealth of examples, tables, graphs and drawings in keeping with real-world measurements.
By supplying finished insights into the operation of renewable strength platforms, this publication broadens readers’ figuring out of power resources and their sensible application.

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Example text

For the second case, it is necessary to summarize the essential steps: • obtaining an opinion from one of the energy companies, the operator of the distribution system, • obtaining land-use planning approval, depending on the construction type; in larger constructions, it is necessary to ensure the respective environmental impact assessment (EIA), • obtaining a license from the NER, • making contracts with the DSO, • registration of the participant in the energy market. 32 1 Renewable Energy Sources—Overview In recent years, one of the fastest growing sources of electricity from RESs were PPPs.

Flicker). 34 shows an example of rapid voltage change in the LV network at the connection point of a PPP with rated capacity of 70 kWp. Due to the large output supplied by the PPP to the network, the rapid voltage changes exceed ±10 % of the rated voltage in all three phases of the LV network. There are several possible solutions to limit the voltage change at the PPP connection point. , the source transformer, in this case. 4 kV transformer, which leads to output overflow to higher voltage levels and changes in the network short-circuit power.

Voltage fluctuation is defined as a series of changes in the voltage effective value. , flicker). 34 shows an example of rapid voltage change in the LV network at the connection point of a PPP with rated capacity of 70 kWp. Due to the large output supplied by the PPP to the network, the rapid voltage changes exceed ±10 % of the rated voltage in all three phases of the LV network. There are several possible solutions to limit the voltage change at the PPP connection point. , the source transformer, in this case.

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