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Additional info for Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Chemistry, Nutrition, and Health Effects
The reason that LDL-C does not typically decrease with n-3 HUFA consumption would appear to be related to the measured depression in LDL receptor activity induced by these fatty acids when consumed in atypical amounts, eg. 10 g per day (21,22). Thus, the decrease in LDL formation, coupled with a decrease in LDL clearance, combine to leave LDL-C relatively unchanged, or even slightly elevated. ch004 g Figure 12. Exchanging 2% energy from 18:2n6 with n3 HUFAs (EPA & DHA) and lack of effect on TC or the LDL/HDL ratio in humans (from ref.
The result produced no change in TC, but the LDL/HDL ratio improved because LDL slightly decreased as HDL rose 7%, not unlike the human results of Sundram et al. (1 7). These empirical results suggest that the "metabolic tension" between SFAs and PUFAs is an important determinant of the LDL/HDL ratio. Furthermore, in addition to the total fat intake, the absolute intakes of 18:2 and SFAs have a critical bearing on the total plasma cholesterol, such that reducing only SFAs increases the P/S ratio of the diet and decreases TC, LDL-C as well as HDL-C if the fatty acid balance becomes overly distorted.
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