By Alexander Turner
At 0310 hours on 7 June 1917, the pre-dawn gloom at the Western entrance used to be shattered by means of the 'pillars of fire' - the swift detonation of nineteen large mines, secreted in tunnels less than the German strains and containing 450 tonnes of explosives. Admitted by means of the Germans to be a 'masterstroke', the devastating blasts prompted 10,000 squaddies to later be published easily as 'missing'. Launching a pre-planned assault into the carnage, supported via tanks and a devastating artillery barrage, the British took the strategic aim of Messines Ridge inside of hours. an extraordinary instance of innovation and luck within the First global battle (1914-1918), this publication is a clean and well timed exam of a desirable campaign.
"The writer info the equipment utilized by the miners together with excavation, rescue, and getting ready the chamber for the explosives ... [and] explains how the miners handled the growth of the clay that happened whilst in touch with oxygen. related mining operations have been utilized in conflict for centuries, yet this could good be the climax of this kind of underground operations for breaching a fortified enemy place ... this can be a superb e-book for these attracted to trench conflict and mining." -J.E. Kaufmann (November 2010)
"Messines was once a desirable strategic crusade that purely took the British hours to win. It was once a unprecedented case of innovation and victory within the First global warfare ... the writer takes a brand new and compatible procedure along with his exam of the interesting crusade. He additionally contains over 60 images and photographs all through, plus maps and 4 specifically commissioned full-color plates of conflict scenes and birds-eye-views."
-www.mataka.org (October 2010)
About the Author
Alexander Turner is a serving British military officer within the Irish Guards. His operational adventure comprises Northern eire, Kosovo, the Iraq conflict of 2003 and repair as a United international locations army Observer. He has a BA in struggle reports from King's university, London, and led a battalion battlefield journey to Vimy Ridge in 2002.
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Extra info for Messines 1917: The Zenith of Siege Warfare
Duke of Wellington’s Regiment 6th Bn. York and Lancaster Regiment 33rd Infantry Brigade – Brig. Gen. A. C. Daly 6th Bn. Lincolnshire Regiment 6th Bn. Border Regiment 7th Bn. South Staffordshire Regiment 9th Bn. Sherwood Foresters 34th Infantry Brigade – Brig. Gen. S. H. Pedley 8th Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers 9th Bn. Lancashire Fusiliers 5th Bn. Dorset Regiment 11th Bn. Manchester Regiment 3rd Australian Division – Maj. Gen. John Monash 9th Australian Brigade – Brig. Gen. A. Jobson 33rd Bn. (New South Wales) 34th Bn.
B. L. Kennedy 1/6th Bn. London Regiment (City of London Rifles) 1/7th Bn. London Regiment (City of London) 1/8th Bn. London Regiment (Post Office Rifles) 1/15th Bn. London Regiment (Civil Service Rifles) 141st Infantry Brigade – Brig. Gen. R. McDougall 1/17th Bn. London Regiment (Poplar and Stepney Rifles) 1/18th Bn. London Regiment (London Irish Rifles) 1/19th Bn. London Regiment (St Pancras) 1/20th Bn. London Regiment (Blackheath and Woolwich) 142nd Infantry Brigade – Brig. Gen. V. T. Bailey 1/21st Bn.
Modern small-unit infantry tactics owe much to February 1917’s well-considered manual, Instructions for the training of platoons in offensive action. Principles of ‘fire and movement’ were nothing new to British infantry; skirmishing riflemen in Wellington’s Peninsula Army had employed simple variants. But now 36-man platoons were structured around the basic functions of suppression and assault. One nine-man section supported the platoon’s Lewis light machine gun; another was equipped with ‘rifle bombs’ – a Mills Bomb (hand grenade) fired by a blank cartridge from a cup attachment on the end of the rifle.