By Abraham J. Malherbe; Carl R. Holladay, John T. Fitzgerald, Gregory E. Sterling, James W. Thompson

Instead of viewing the Graeco-Roman international because the “background” opposed to which early Christian texts may be learn, Abraham J. Malherbe observed the traditional Mediterranean international as a wealthy ecology of various highbrow traditions that interacted inside of particular social contexts. those essays, spanning over fifty years, illustrate Malherbe’s appreciation of the complexities of this ecology and what's required to discover philological and conceptual connections among early Christian writers, particularly Paul and Athenagoras, and their literary opposite numbers who participated within the non secular and philosophical discourse of the broader tradition. Malherbe’s essays laid the foundation for his magisterial observation at the Thessalonian correspondence and introduced the modern research of Hellenistic ethical philosophy and early Christianity.

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Additional info for Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity; Collected Essays, 1959–2012, by Abraham J. Malherbe

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But this was not in itself the great significance that it had for Paul. If he were primarily concerned with the material needs of the saints in Jerusalem, he would certainly not have been as leisurely in his collection of the contribution as he was. He had higher goals that he wanted to attain, and the contribution was mainly a method through which he could attain them. 17 The Gentiles | are actually in debt to the Jews because they share in their spiritual blessings, and they can be expected to respond with material gifts (Rom 15:26–27).

14 Note that Luke frequently connects events of great importance, or well-known ones, with the history of the Empire. Cf. Luke 1:5; 2:1–2; 3:1–2; Acts 12:1, 19; 18:2. This famine was thus of importance. 15 Cf. ; 2 Cor 11:24–26; Gal 1:13; 1 Cor 15:9; 1 Thess 2:14, 15; Phil 3:6. 16 See Alfred Plummer, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Second Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians (ICC 34; Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1915), 233, “The Romans had been very hard on these Macedonians; they had taken possession of the gold and silver mines which were rich sources of revenue, and had taxed the right of smelting copper and iron; they had also reserved to themselves the importation of salt and the felling of timber for building ships.

Rom 15, Phil 2, 4; (2) a detailed study of Titus’s place in the gathering of the Corinthian collection, and (3) a placing in proper perspective of Paul’s use of sacrificial imagery in connection with the contribution as it compares with his use of such imagery elsewhere. 2 See Wilbur M. , Heidelberg, 1938), 12, who, however, thinks that Gal 2 refers to the Jerusalem visit of Acts 15. The probability is much greater that the visit of Acts 11:29–30 is what Paul refers to. For the latter view, see Bill Decker, “The Early Dating of Galatians,” ResQ 2 (1958): 132–138.

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