By David Livingstone Smith

Winner of the 2012 Anisfield-Wolf booklet Award for Nonfiction

A revelatory examine why we dehumanize one another, with beautiful examples from international background in addition to today's headlines

"Brute." "Cockroach." "Lice." "Vermin." "Dog." "Beast." those and different monikers are always in use to consult different humans—for political, spiritual, ethnic, or sexist purposes. people tend to treat contributors in their personal type as under human. This tendency has made atrocities just like the Holocaust, the genocide in Rwanda, and the slave exchange attainable, and but we nonetheless locate it in phenomena equivalent to xenophobia, homophobia, army propaganda, and racism. Less Than Human draws on a wealthy mixture of heritage, psychology, biology, anthropology and philosophy to record the pervasiveness of dehumanization, describe its varieties, and clarify why we so usually inn to it.

David Livingstone Smith posits that this habit is rooted in human nature, yet supplies us desire in additionally declaring that organic features are malleable, exhibiting us that fluctuate is feasible. Less Than Human is a chilling indictment of our nature, and is as well timed because it is relevant.

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Extra info for Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others (1st Edition)

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393 Figure D Zygomycote sexuality: black Rhizopus zygosporangia  formed by conjugating hyphae of complementary mating types. LM, bar  100 m.  393 Figure E Conjugation in Rhizopus.  393 F-3 394 Glomeromycota Figure A Glomus mosseae, a glomeromycotous fungus that forms  395 mycorrhizae with onion root, Allium cepa. AMycorrhiza are symbiotic associations of fungi and roots, these are cruciae to food plant nutrition.  F-4 Ascomycota Figure A The ascus, produced as a result of cytogamy, is a  specialized ascomycote cell in which meiosis takes place, giving rise at maturity to eight cells, ascospores, in a linear arrangement.

A marine colonial entoproct, part of a fixed colony; from Falkland Islands. LM, bar  1 mm.  292 Figure B An individual entoproct, Barentsia matsushimana.  Rows of cilia are visible on the extended tentacles. LM, bar  1 mm.  292 Figure C Barentsia matsushimana. A vertical section  shows digestive, nervous, excretory, and muscle systems within the cup-shaped calyx.  293 A-20 294 Chelicerata Figure A Beachcombers often encounter Limulus  polyphemus along beaches from Nova Scotia to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico.

We do not yet accept much new taxonomy, especially claims based on molecular data but rather we await firsthand biological confirmations of evidence. As in the earlier editions, a handy reference Appendix expanded in a list of c. 4000 genera includes all those mentioned in this book and many others. The vernacular or common names by which these genera are known are given, as is the phylum for each genus. The glossary provides definitions of terms. So that readers may move easily from glossary to chapter essays, we frequently indicate the phylum and kingdom to which a term applies.

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