By U. Schmidt
This e-book lines the heritage of the Nuremberg medical professionals' Trial of 1946-47, in the course of the eyes of the Austrian émigré psychiatrist Leo Alexander, whose investigations helped the U.S. prosecution. Schmidt offers a close perception into the origins of human rights in scientific technological know-how and into the altering function of foreign legislations, ethics and politics.
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Additional resources for Justice at Nuremberg: Leo Alexander and the Nazi Doctors’ Trial
In 1890 the capital had almost 120 000 religious Jews. Twenty years later, in 1910, their number had risen to more than 175 000. 2 As in Germany, the Jews showed a marked tendency to assimilate. The relative security that the Jews enjoyed during the long reign of Habsburg Emperor Franz Josef encouraged many of them to strive for social status and wealth. They aimed to become respected members of society, emancipated, educated and assimilated. At the same time they also sought acceptance and recognition from the bourgeois elite for their achievements and their role in public life.
Most of Alexander’s investigative work was carried out in a climate that approximated a political, administrative and legal vacuum. It was an environment in which most of the future defendants were willing to co-operate and in which war crimes trials were not yet instituted. Particular attention is given to the planning and organisational stages of the trial in which different approaches to prosecuting war crimes were discussed and dismissed, modiﬁed and sometimes inﬂuenced by developments that were outside the control of those on the ground.
26 For Alexander, this phenomenon was interesting and complex. Aside from such observations, however, the war between China and Manchuria, later Manchuko, had little effect upon the lives of the scientiﬁc elite at PUMC. 27 Unlike Shanghai, where segregation policies hampered social interaction, Beijing was a cosmopolitan city with a bustling intellectual and cultural milieu. As a member of PUMC and as a Westerner, Alexander quickly gained entrée into the mostly British and German expatriate community whose cocktail parties brought him entertainment and amusement.