By Esther Chung-Kim
Adding nice ancient perception to the occasions of the 16th century, Inventing Authority uncovers how and why the Protestant reformers got here, of their dissent from the Catholic church, to show to the Church Fathers and align their events with the early church. getting to know that the reformers most often appealed to patristic resources in polemical contexts, Esther Chung-Kim adeptly strains the range and creativity in their appeals to their forebears with the intention to help their arguments--citing them to be authoritative for being "exemplary scriptural exegetes" to "instruments of choice".
Examining 3 generations of sixteenth-century reformers--from such heavy-weights as Calvin and Luther to lesser-known figures like Oecolampadius and Hesshusen--Chung-Kim deals an research of amazing breadth, one who unearths its heart by means of focusing in at the perennially contentious subject of the Eucharist. Filling an important lacuna within the early historical past of the Lutheran and Reformed traditions, Inventing Authority is a crucial and eye-opening contribution to Reformation studies.
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Additional resources for Inventing Authority: The Use of the Church Fathers in Reformation Debates over the Eucharist
In the context of the sixteenth-century controversies over the Eucharist, the reformers reinterpreted the concepts of the church fathers to make them relevant to the latest debates over the Eucharist. ”66 Meanwhile, Oecolampadius countered any view in support of the bodily presence of Christ with passages from Augustine’s On Christian Doctrine and anti-Manichean treatises. ”68 At the Sunday morning and afternoon sessions, Zwingli and Oecolampadius brought forth passages from the fathers, namely Fulgentius and Augustine.
In the development of his theology, Calvin’s working knowledge of the father expands through his contact with other reformers and his increasing access to the published editions of the fathers’ works. During Calvin’s lifetime, a great number of patristic texts, including church councils, became available in print, though the Greek fathers were usually published first in Latin translations. Calvin’s interest in and use of the works of the fathers grow as he becomes more John Calvin’s Use of the Fathers 37 involved in doctrinal controversies with other Protestants.
Finally, Calvin refers to Augustine and Chrysostom one more time concerning the mass as a sacrifice. Building on the 1539 edition of his Institutes, in which he simply claimed that the ancient writers do not support a sacrifice executed in the Supper, Calvin writes, “Hebrews in the animal victims offered to God celebrated a prophecy of the future victim which Christ offered; Christians by the most holy offering and partaking of the body of Christ, celebrate the remembrance of a sacrifice already made .