By Feng Duan

This is often quantity 1 of two-volume e-book that offers a very good, entire exposition of the multi-faceted matters of recent condensed topic physics, unified inside of an unique and coherent conceptual framework. conventional topics equivalent to band idea and lattice dynamics are tightly equipped during this framework, whereas many new advancements emerge spontaneously from it. during this quantity, · uncomplicated recommendations are emphasised; frequently they're intuitively brought, then extra accurately formulated, and in comparison with correlated suggestions. · A plethora of latest subject matters, equivalent to quasicrystals, photonic crystals, GMR, TMR, CMR, excessive Tc superconductors, Bose–Einstein condensation, etc., are awarded with sharp actual insights. · Bond and band ways are mentioned in parallel, breaking the barrier among physics and chemistry. · A hugely obtainable bankruptcy is integrated on correlated digital states — not often present in an introductory textual content. · Introductory chapters on tunneling, mesoscopic phenomena, and quantum-confined nanostructures represent a valid origin for nanoscience and nanotechnology. · The textual content is profusely illustrated with approximately 500 figures.

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As we know, matter at sufficiently high temperatures is in the gaseous state. It is homogeneous and isotropic, and maintains full translational and rotational symmetry, which are compatible with the symmetry of the controlling equations. Few spectacular physical properties are manifested by matter in the gaseous state, while matter in the solid state is entirely different: Solids have rigidity, can conduct electricity, and can manifest a full spectrum of interesting properties. The difference may be traced to the different symmetries that characterize the gaseous state and the solid state.

10 · OVERVIEW the critical point, the density difference and the free surface disappear together, so liquid and gas phases merge into one. For organic substances, sometimes it is hard to determine the demarcation line between liquids and solids and a plethora of mesophases such as liquid crystals, self-assembled membranes or gels may be formed. Polymers and biopolymers also may exist in the solid state or the liquid state, as well as some of the mesophases between these. From the viewpoint of statistical physics, the gist of condensation phenomena lies in the compartmentalization of phase space.

Band theory adopts a global view, stressing the delocalized valence electrons and the dispersion relation in k space, while quantum chemistry, in general, adopts a local view, stressing the atomic configurations, bond formation and charge transfers in real space. Of course, both band theory and quantum chemistry have their merits as well as their disadvantages: Band theory is most successful for transport properties of solids; however, in the treatment of binding of solids, it is not so intuitively transparent as quantum chemistry.

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