By Patrice Melinon, Bruno Masenelli

Lately, carbon and silicon examine has visible an outburst of recent constructions, experimentally saw or theoretically estimated (e.g., small fullerenes, heterofullerenes, schwarzite, and clathrates) with appealing houses. This ebook studies those unique futuristic species and their strength purposes and severely examines the predicting types and the potential routes for his or her synthesis. The booklet starts off with a evaluation of 2nd and 3D crystals according to carbon and/or silicon. the second one a part of the publication is dedicated to the outline on the nanoscale of the recent constructions and intricate architectures that occur from them. The originality of the ebook lies within the undeniable fact that it offers with those scarcely evoked buildings. The booklet is, as a result, complementary to the vast current literature devoted to well known nanostructures comparable to graphene, nanotube, and fullerenes.

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Extra info for From Small Fullerenes to Superlattices: Science and Applications

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AAA (simple hexagonal graphite). Multilayer graphene systems are all semimetals in which the semimetallic behavior is caused by the interaction with the atoms of the added planes. 04 eV. The weak interlayer interaction plays an important role in the electronic structure near K and K points. The Dirac Fermion disappears as soon as one increases the number of layers. Another parameter that suppresses the Dirac Fermion is the confinement effect. Nanoribbons that exhibit a confinement along one axis are a good example Nakada et al.

6 Applications The extremely high porosity and the low density of these periodic schwarzite carbon materials suggested many possible applications, as thermal insulators, in catalysis for the giant surface/volume ratio, in electrochemistry as well. However, such porous structures are prominently attractive for gas and energy storage (especially hydrogen storage). With the imperious need of hydrogen storage materials, this class of carbon network are all the more interesting as they are crystals, with no dangling bonds contrary to most of the foams contemplated for the same purpose.

This would ensure the operation of NEMS at very high frequency with an ultimate quality factor. Besides, regarding optical applications, the well-known luminescence of diamond point defects (color centers) is the subject of a revival. The robust light emission of color centers consisting of a carbon vacancy linked to a nitrogen doping atom (N-V center) combined with the recent progress in the synthesis of diamond nanocrystals has lead to the creation of stable single-photon nanoemitters that are of great interest for quantum communication and cryptography.

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