By Peter J. Bowler

Peter J. Bowler's finished, attention-grabbing account of the heritage of evolutionary theories introduces expert and nonspecialist alike to 1 of the main effective clinical rules of recent occasions. This re-creation is up-to-date in its content material and contains an augmented bibliography that provides an unprecedented advisor to extra interpreting. As within the unique version, Bowler's even-handed procedure not just clarifies the heritage of his arguable topic but additionally provides considerably to our knowing of up to date debates over it. the assumption of evolution maintains to adapt.

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Other curious facts would be explicable. The longest lifespans of any mammal are achieved by the bowhead whale which typically lives to over one hundred years, and several may well have lived over 200 years (George et al. 1999). Such findings have raised some public interest: why do they live so long? If Charnov is right, then the answer is ridiculously simple: they live long because they experience low adult mortality.

Species richness is currently (recent extinctions excepted) higher than ever before (Signor 1990; Sepkoski 1999). About half of described macroscopic species are insects, a quarter green plants, and most of the rest sundry invertebrates (Southwood 1978). Life exists and flourishes nearly everywhere on the face of the globe; in the marine, freshwater and terrestrial realms, anoxic mud, animal guts, hypersaline lakes, volcanic springs, desert dunes, within frozen antarctic rock and in rocks hundreds of metres below ground.

Mechanisms to prevent conflict? Division of labour? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 24 DISCOVERING EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY in the zygote. To solve this, mechanisms, such as uniparental inheritance have evolved. Sex has led to division of labour among the combining entities, such as male and female gametes. In the evolution of sex, there has been no new method of transmitting information developed.

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