By Yonah Alexander, Michael B. Kraft
Together with many older records no longer on hand electronically or another way obtainable, this three-volume set presents the 1st complete selection of key files, statements, and testimony on U.S. executive counterterrorism rules as they've got advanced within the face of the altering terrorist threats. chosen government and congressional fabrics spotlight the government's assorted coverage and application responses to terrorism. The testimony, statements, and records give you the public articulation and face to the principally very important intelligence, legislation enforcement, preventative security features, and overseas cooperation utilized in the shadowy struggle opposed to terrorism. contemporary entries offer a convenient compilation of significant post-9/11 fabrics. for instance, important historical past details on U.S. activities opposed to Osama bin encumbered, the Taliban, and Saddam Hussein and terrorism fundraising. additionally integrated are statements from the Reagan and different administrations that relate to disputes over the correct use of strength. Introductory chapters by way of Alexander and Kraft give you the old context and research of past and present U.S. counterterrorism coverage together with U.S. legislation.For over centuries, the United States has confronted occasional outbreaks of terrorism, perpetrated via either indigenous and international teams. however the unbelievable bombing in Oklahoma urban in 1995 and the September eleven, 2001, assaults appeared to characterize a brand new age, scary many american citizens and destroying their feel of household safety. moreover, U.S. voters and pursuits were more and more suffering from acts of terrorism in another country. The demanding situations of terrorism, for this reason, have required the us to increase accomplished options and courses to counter either traditional and unconventional threats, nationally and globally.
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Extra resources for Evolution of U.S. Counterterrorism Policy (Three Volumes Set)
The first volume consists of pre–September 11 material divided into sources originating from the White House dating back to the Nixon administration, the Secretaries of State and Defense, the Attorney General, and other officials including the Department of State’s Coordinator for Counterterrorism. The second volume includes documents from the post-9/11 period, again providing statements by President George W. Bush, the Secretaries of State and Defense, the State Department Coordinator for Counterterrorism, and the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security.
S. S. S. policies and actions combating this form of ‘‘warfare-on-the-cheap’’ were rather limited in scope. In general, terrorism was not considered a major strategic challenge to American national interests, with some exceptions such as the Barbary threats in the nineteenth century. Domestic radical movements failed to achieve their objectives and adversaries in foreign countries—both state and nonstate actors—were unable to seriously threaten American political, economic, and strategic concerns.
Additionally, radical environmentalist movements resorted to violent tactics in pursuit of their goals. Groups such as the Evan Mecham Eco-Terrorist International Conspiracy (EMETIC) sought to preserve ecological systems by sabotaging perceived despoilers of the environment, and the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) has damaged laboratories that use animals in medical research and industry. Mention should be made of several foreign groups and agents who continued sporadic terrorism support activities within the United States during the 1980s, to include fundraising and weapons acquisitions for their colleagues abroad.