By Neil W. Bernstein

Rhetorical education was once the valuable component to an elite Roman man's schooling. Controversiae (declamations), imaginary court docket speeches within the personality of a fictional or historic person, have been the main complex workouts within the regular rhetorical curriculum. the foremost Declamations is a set of 19 full-length Latin speeches attributed in antiquity to Quintilian yet probably composed by way of a gaggle of authors within the moment and 3rd centuries CE. although there was a contemporary revival of curiosity in Greco-Roman declamation, the key Declamations has often been neglected.
Ethics, identification, and neighborhood in Later Roman Declamation is the 1st publication committed completely to the main Declamations and its reception in later ecu literature. It argues that the fictitious situations of the key Declamations permit the conceptual exploration of quite a few moral and social matters. those comprise the development of authority (Chapter 1), the verification of claims (Chapter 2), the conventions of reciprocity (Chapter 3), and the ethics of spectatorship (Chapter 4). bankruptcy five provides a examine of the reception of the gathering by way of the Renaissance humanist Juan Luis Vives and the eighteenth century student Lorenzo Patarol. a quick postscript surveys using declamatory routines within the modern college and may tell present paintings in rhetorical studies.

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In a community without prosecutors, the attacks on innocent families in DM 11 and Minor Declamation 337 would have seemed normal rather than extraordinary. The comparison with Minor Declamation 313 makes the effects of the temporary anarchy in DM 11 easier to see. Had the poor man been a calumniator in a legally constituted court rather than a rumormonger inciting a mob, the violence might have been limited to the rich man alone rather than affecting his family. For their part, the people have acted in just the same way that a declamatory tyrant would conventionally act.

He chooses both of these responses in order, as he claims, to silence the rumor. He is entirely unsuccessful, however; making a rumor grounds for murder is possibly the worst way to squelch it (see Chapter 4). The anonymously generated rumor in DM 11 contrasts with the poor man’s specific accusation in Minor Declamation 337, derived from the fact that his opponent has twice failed to lead his troops to victory. The rumor represents what Lincoln (1994: 78) calls the “fifth” voice in a Bakhtinian reading of the “corrosion” of authority: “to distinguish it from the other voices .

For Marius as a model for Sulla, cf. Cic. Har. Resp. 54 horum uterque (Marius and Sulla) ita cecidit uictus ut uictor idem regnauerit; for Caesar, cf. Plut. 4; cf. 1–5. 35 For the Verginia narrative, cf. Cic. Rep. 44–49, Diod. Sic. 24, etc. For its pairing with the Lucretia narrative, cf. Val. Max. 1–2. See Joshel 2009 and Ogilvie 1970: 477. 30 Ethics, Identity, and Community If now the example of a soldier pleases you, what should I say of Verginius, who defended his daughter’s virginity the only way he could, with death, and sank the sword he snatched from a passerby into a girl who did not object?

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