By Biswas, Kanishka; Rao, Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra

"Provides an advent to inorganic fabrics synthesis. Covers universal reactions hired in synthesis, ceramic methods, decomposition of precursor compounds, combustion synthesis, arc and cranium equipment, reactions at excessive pressures, mechanochemical tools, use of microwaves, gentle chemistry routes, topochemical reactions, intercalation chemistry, Ion-exchange tools of fluxes, sol-gel synthesis,  Read more...

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The formation of a new compound from its components requires that the new composition have a lower free energy than the sum of the free energies of the components. Pressure aids in the lowering of free energy in different ways [3]. (a) Pressure delocalizes outer d electrons in transition-metal compounds by increasing the magnitude of coupling between the d electrons on neighbouring cations, thereby lowering the free energy. A typical example is the synthesis of ACrO3 (A = Ca, Sr, Pb) pervoskites and CrO2.

N. Subbanna, R. Nagarajan and others, J. , 88 (1990) 163. [16] M. Azuma, M. Takano and others, Nature, 356 (1992) 775. [17] M. Takano, Z. Hiroi, M. Azuma and Y. R. Rao, ed), World Scientific, Singapore, 1992. [18] P. Mandal, A. R. Rao, A. M. Shirage, Y. Tanaka Ch. I. Lebedev, V. Caignaert, B. Raveau, Phys. Rev. B, 82 (2010) 100416. [19] P. Mandal, A. Iyo, Y. Tanaka, A. R. Rao, J. Mater. , 20 (2010) 1646. [20] S. Ishiwata, M. Azuma, M. Takano, E. Nishibori, M. Takata, M. Sakata and K.  Mater. , 12 (2002) 3733.

G. nitrates), are co‐precipitated from a common medium, usually as hydroxides, carbonates, oxalates, formates or citrates. In actual practice, one takes oxides or carbonates of the relevant metals, digests them with an acid (usually HNO3) and adds the precipitating reagent to the solution obtained. It is important that the solid precipitating out is really insoluble in the mother liquor. After drying the precipitate it is heated to the required temperature in a desired atmosphere to get the final product.

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