By Birgit Bednar-Friedl, Jörn Kleinert
This publication addresses 3 substantial monetary demanding situations from a dynamic standpoint: eu integration, monetary development, and worldwide weather swap. within the gentle of the new crises of the ecu Union (EU), the 1st a part of the booklet bargains with demanding situations to the true, financial and financial integration of the european and required institutional changes. the second one a part of the booklet addresses basic demanding situations of complex marketplace economies like financial progress and adjustments of applied sciences. the ultimate half makes a speciality of the worldwide problem of weather switch from an financial point of view and discusses coverage techniques for a profitable mitigation of weather change.
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Additional resources for Dynamic Approaches to Global Economic Challenges: Festschrift in Honor of Karl Farmer
TF > MC C 2 TF > MC C > MC C 2 TF > MC C 2 p11;t > MC C p22;t p33;t TU 2 TU 2 (9) For simplicity and because we are mainly interested in the fixed point properties, we assume that the parameters satisfy these conditions. However, they deserve further investigation because they may also provide insights into the “zero trade” puzzle (see Trefler 1995, and Anderson and van Wincoop 2004). In the present study, we do not address this issue. Note that prices are no longer a fixed mark-up on marginal costs, as found in the models with isoelastic demand functions.
Rev Urban Reg Dev Stud 25(2):61–78 Strategic Macroeconomic Policies in a Monetary Union R. Neck and D. Blueschke 1 Introduction The economic situation in the European Monetary Union is relatively unstable nowadays due to the economic crisis of 2008–2010 (the Great Recession) and a wide range of structural problems in the affected countries. At the beginning of this crisis policy makers tried to cooperate and to use coordinated anti-cyclical fiscal and monetary policies to reduce the negative impacts of the crisis, giving high importance to GDP growth and reducing unemployment.
Crossing TUcrit from below, the transition from a core periphery to a symmetric equilibrium discussed in the previous section is clearly visible. Further increasing the trade costs leads to a period doubling bifurcation and one period-2 cycle, which 2 Ingrid Kubin dedicates this section to Karl Framer with whom she detected the complexity of complex dynamics almost 30 years ago. Trade Agreements and Regional Disparities 49 Fig. 2 One-dimensional bifurcation diagram (2a), enlargement (2b), and underlying map (2c) illustrating the full dynamics of the capital share in country 1, which depend on the trade costs within the Union then undergoes a pitchfork bifurcation.