By Barry W. Cunliffe

The Druids were identified and mentioned for a minimum of 2400 years, first by way of Greek writers and later by means of the Romans, who got here in touch with them in Gaul and Britain. in line with those resources, they have been a realized caste who officiated in non secular ceremonies, taught the traditional wisdoms, and have been respected as philosophers. yet few figures flit so elusively via heritage, and the Druids stay enigmatic and difficult to this present day.

In this Very brief Introduction, one of many best gurus on British archaeology, Barry Cunliffe, takes the reader on a fast paced examine the ever-fascinating tale of the Druids, as visible within the context of the days and areas during which they practiced. Sifting during the proof, Cunliffe deals an expert's most sensible wager as to what could be acknowledged and what can't be stated in regards to the Druids, discussing the origins of the Druids and the facts for his or her ideals and practices, why the character of the druid caste replaced really dramatically through the years, and the way successive generations have obvious them in very other ways.

Show description

Read Online or Download Druids: A Very Short Introduction PDF

Best history books

Greek Religion: Archaic and Classical

This is often the 1st significant synthesis of Greek faith to seem for a iteration. A in actual fact based and readable survey for classical students and scholars, it's going to even be regularly welcomed because the most sensible glossy account of any polytheistic spiritual procedure. The textual content builds up a powerful and coherent photo of the present country of information concerning the faith of the traditional Greeks.

A History of the Later Roman Empire, AD 284–641 (2nd Edition)

The second one version of A background of the Later Roman Empire good points wide revisions and updates to the highly-acclaimed, sweeping ancient survey of the Roman Empire from the accession of Diocletian in advert 284 to the demise of Heraclius in 641.

• includes a revised narrative of the political historical past that formed the overdue Roman Empire
• comprises huge adjustments to the chapters on nearby heritage, specially these on the subject of Asia Minor and Egypt
• deals a renewed overview of the decline of the empire within the later 6th and 7th centuries
• locations a bigger emphasis at the army deficiencies, cave in of nation funds, and function of bubonic plague through the Europe in Rome’s decline
• comprises systematic updates to the bibliography

Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times

This is often the 1st e-book to deal comprehensively with the archaeology of rafts, boats, and ships from the Stone Age to Medieval occasions. all of the areas of the realm are coated, from Atlantic Europe and the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, the China Sea, and the Pacific.

Additional resources for Druids: A Very Short Introduction

Sample text

36 One of the best known of the northern French temples is the multiperiod structure excavated at Gournay-sur-Aronde (Oise). The sanctuary was situated on a spur overlooking a small stream: it was first built in the 4th century bc and rebuilt on a number of occasions thereafter until the 1st century, when it was destroyed by fire and the site levelled, but its memory remained, and in the 4th century ad a Gallo-Roman shrine was built on the same spot. The central focus of the sacred site was a large oval-shaped pit containing the remains of sacrificed cattle which was set within a rectangular ditched enclosure.

The simplest response would be to allow that druidism may have been a feature of Celtic 17 The European theatre How can all this be explained? If we accept that the prime characteristic of the Celt is speaking the Celtic language, the simplest view would be to suppose that the Celts emerged in Atlantic Europe in a zone stretching from the Algarve to Britain and Ireland, gaining a degree of cohesion from the fact that intense maritime activity bound the Atlantic-facing communities tightly together.

The sanctuary was situated on a spur overlooking a small stream: it was first built in the 4th century bc and rebuilt on a number of occasions thereafter until the 1st century, when it was destroyed by fire and the site levelled, but its memory remained, and in the 4th century ad a Gallo-Roman shrine was built on the same spot. The central focus of the sacred site was a large oval-shaped pit containing the remains of sacrificed cattle which was set within a rectangular ditched enclosure. Over the years, the pit was associated with, and later enclosed within, a succession of timber structures, while the outer enclosure was frequently refurbished and enhanced with timber palisades.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 46 votes