By Kimberley Brownlee, Adam Cureton

This publication bargains a much-needed research of ethical and political matters referring to incapacity, and explores how the reports of individuals with disabilities may end up in reconsideration of renowned positions on normative matters. 13 new essays study such themes because the proposal of incapacity, the stipulations of justice, the character of autonomy, healthcare distribution, and reproductive offerings. The individuals are Norman Daniels, Ellen Daniels Zide, Leslie P. Francis, Christie Hartley, Richard Hull, man Kahane, F.M. Kamm, Rosalind McDougall, Jeff McMahan, Douglas MacLean, Susannah Rose, Anita Silvers, Julian Savulescu, Lorella Terzi, David Wasserman, and Jonathan Wolff.

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Extra info for Disability and Disadvantage

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It does not follow, simply from the fact that someone deviates from some biological or statistical norm, that there are any reasons to bring his functioning up (or down) to the norm, to prevent or ‘cure’ this condition, or to regret its occurrence. Deviation from the species norm is not normative because there is no intrinsic connection between deviation from normal functioning and well-being. Such deviation is neither necessary nor sufficient for a negative effect on a person’s life. Some people, for example, have ankyloglossia, a restricted lingual fraenum that prevents them from protruding their tongue tip beyond the edges of the lower incisors.

If someone has extraordinarily good vision or memory, she also deviates from normal functioning. So the definition needs to assume an asymmetry between two kinds of deviations, negative and positive. Cf. Boorse’s well-known account of disease in ‘On the Distinction between Disease and Illness’, Philosophy and Public Affairs (1975). ⁹ The descriptive aspect of the everyday concept is probably more specific than disabilitySN in including a reference to lack or limited ability. We’ll discuss this below.

The fact that certain properties of people are more salient than others may distort our understanding of the weight they have in shaping people’s lives. 5. Degree, threshold, or threshold-and-degree concept? DisabilityW is best understood as a degree concept. The degree comes simply from the amount of well-being lost by the presence of the disabling condition. DisabilityW thus encompasses even conditions that cause only insignificant or moderate harm. On our account, everyone suffers from disabilityW to some extent, in some respects.

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