By D. A. T. Southgate (auth.), George V. Vahouny, David Kritchevsky (eds.)

Dietary fiber is a subject that has burgeoned from an esoteric curiosity of some examine laboratories to a subject matter of overseas curiosity. This progress has been helped through the serious public curiosity within the power advantages of including fiber to the vitamin. the overall approval for fiber could have been helped by way of the notion that, for as soon as, medication used to be asserting "do" rather than "don't. " there was a proliferation of fine clinical books on nutritional fiber. Why one other? The Spring Symposium on nutritional Fiber in overall healthiness and affliction used to be an outgrowth of our trust that casual dialogue between peers-a dialogue during which truth is freely interlaced with speculation-was the best technique to manage our wisdom and direct our considering. the traditional development development of a self-discipline inc1udes its branching into many parts. quickly the services, which was common, is damaged into many specialties. Intercommunication becoIlles more and more tricky. It was once our motive to supply a discussion board that will disclose its contributors to advancements in parts on the topic of their study curiosity. loose alternate less than those stipulations couldn't support yet expand everyone's knowl­ side and extend his horizons. We think that this symposium used to be singularly winning achieve its targets. It ended in a unfastened and pleasant alternate of information and concepts. It helped to set up seeds for destiny collaborations in response to mutual curiosity and friendship. The court cases of this convention will function another simple source within the fiber field.

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F. , van Jeveren, J. G. , Hautvast, J. G. A. , Hermus, R. J. , Katan, M. , Brydon, W. , and Eastwood, M. , 1980, Influence of dietary fiber from vegetables and fruits, bran or citrus pectin on serum lipids, fecallipids, and colonic function, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 33:1745-1756. Stephen, A. D. Thesis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England. Stephen, A. , and Cummings, J. , 1979, Water holding by dietary fibre in vitro and its relationship to faecal output in man, Gut 20:722-729. Stephen, A. , and Cummings, J.

Wolthers, B. , Byrne, B. , 1977, Pretreatment methods prior to gas chromatographie analysis of volatile fatty acids from faecal sampies, Clin. Chem. Acta. 78:243-250. 3 Dietary Fiber and Colon Function in a Population Aged 18-80 Years M. A. EASTWOOD, J. D. BAIRD, W. G. BRYDON, J. H. SMITH, S. HELLlWELL, and J. L. PRITCHARD 1. INTRODUCTION It has been suggested that a range of diseases may be linked to the intake of dietary fiber (Burkitt and Trowell, 1975). This hypothesis has been examined in a number of ways, but rarely in a normal population.

The success of the treatment in preventing ammonia intoxication and the demonstrable fall in intestinal pH was thought to confirm this mechanism. However, if ammonia were trapped in the colon in this way, then the fecal concentration of ammonia 41 COLONIC BACTERIAL ACTIVITY TABlE IV. Metabolism of Bile Acids, Cholesterol, and Tyrosine by the Intestinal Bacteria in Persons with Hemicolectomy, Complete Colon, and Total COlectomy Total colectomy Number of patients Percent cholesterol remaining undegraded Extent of dehydroxylation of fecal bile acids Urinary volatile phenols produced from tyrosine, mg/day 7 >85% Hemicolectomy Right 2 58% + < 10 Left Normal colon 12 29% 12 23% +++ +++ 50-70 50-100 should be increased.

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