By National Defense Research Institute (U. S.), Cheryl Y. Marcum

In 1998, the safeguard technology Board job strength on Human assets Strategywas proven for the aim of comparing the dept of Defense's(DoD's) means to draw and preserve either civilian and army personnel.As a part of this assessment, RAND used to be requested to review the expansion of politicalappointment positions in the DoD in addition to to ascertain the appointmentand affirmation method that power political appointees face. Taskedwith reviewing suitable DoD info, the nationwide security study Institute(NDRI), appearing in help of the security technological know-how Board job strength, foundthat the variety of DoD positions requiring Senate affirmation has grownsignificantly over the last 20 years. The research additionally published that thefunctional duties of such positions have narrowed whereas theirvacancy charges have elevated. In assessing the literature, the NDRI foundthat disincentives exist within the political appointment and confirmationprocess -- specifically, standards that applicants divulge a number of personaland monetary details; specifications to conform with conflict-of-interestregulations that could require divestiture of inventory holdings; and requirementsto conform to wide publish employment regulations. also, thelength of the appointment and affirmation strategy itself may well function adisincentive to power appointees.

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The investigations are scheduled to be completed in 25 to 35 days, but delays in receiving records or reports or a need for further investigation may postpone the completion date. In the interim, the FBI sends initial results to the White House. 9 The next step in the process involves the resolution of any conflict-of-interest issues. 10 The SF 278 asks respondents to list: _________________ 8These investigations began in 1953 after President Eisenhower issued Executive Order 10450 (Mackenzie, 1996).

The actions taken by senators to block nominations have gotten press attention, and consequently individuals who follow the sagas of holds in the Senate may consider declining offers of political appointee positions to avoid the chance of a difficult Senate confirmation and consequent media coverage. For example, William Weld’s nomination for Ambassador to Mexico—and the subsequent actions of the Senate—garnered strong negative media attention. 30 Mackenzie (1998) summarizes that from January to October 1997 a total of 42 nominees were placed on hold after approval from the relevant Senate committee: “Most of the holds have little to do with the qualifications of the nominees upon whom they are placed.

PAS candidates must be amenable to divesting any holdings in the defense industry, dictated by the Senate Armed Services Committee’s strict conflict-of-interest standards. When the President announces a PAS candidate’s nomination to the Senate, the nominee completes additional Senate forms and awaits the results of Senate investigations. Although the Senate confirms most nominations without controversy, those that do cause conflict between the White House and the Senate often receive considerable press attention.

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