By Bill Sanders Ph.D. (auth.), Bill Sanders, Yonette F. Thomas, Bethany Griffin Deeds (eds.)
Carefully chosen to mirror the most recent study on the interface among public overall healthiness and felony justice within the US, those contributions each one specialise in a side of the connection. How, for instance, may perhaps a person’s criminality adversely have an effect on their healthiness or their chance of publicity to HIV an infection? the problems addressed during this quantity are on the center of coverage in either public future health and legal justice. The authors music a four-fold connection among the 2 fields, exploring the psychological and actual well-being of incarcerated populations; the wellbeing and fitness effects of crime, substance abuse, violence and dicy sexual behaviors; the level to which excessive crime charges are associated with terrible health and wellbeing results within the similar local; and the result of public overall healthiness interventions between conventional legal justice populations.
As good as exploring those pressing matters, this anthology includes a wealth of exceptional interdisciplinary contributions that see public healthiness researchers concentrating on crime, whereas criminologists attend to public healthiness concerns. The papers supply empirical facts monitoring, for instance, the repercussions on public healthiness of an apprehension of crime between citizens of high-crime neighborhoods, and the correlations among HIV prestige and results, and an individual’s heritage of criminality. delivering social scientists and coverage makers with very important tips on how the felony justice and public wellbeing and fitness sectors may well interact at the difficulties universal to either, this assortment breaks new floor via combining the various views of a few key disciplines.
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Additional resources for Crime, HIV and Health: Intersections of Criminal Justice and Public Health Concerns
Public health approaches have also targeted violence and specifically gang violence. Findings from the Chicago-based Ceasefire program, for instance, report positive results. Ceasefire, created by epidemiologist Gary Slutkin, was informed by his research on tuberculosis and AIDS conducted in Africa and other countries. The program utilized community mobilization approaches – galvanizing local participation from youth groups, community-based organizations, faith based organizations, and public services – in conjunction with public education campaigns and trained street-level outreach workers which made significant reductions in violent crimes in the Chicago area (Ritter 2009; Skogan et al.
2009). While incarceration is often a traumatic experience for healthy individuals, it remains much more so for those with mental health illnesses (Hoge et al. 2009). Such mental health conditions are likely to be related to reasons why such inmates are incarcerated in the first place, and, moreover, the process of incarceration itself is likely to aggravate such conditions (Hoge et al. 2009). A United States Department of Justice report indicates that, as of June 2000, approximately 90% of State public and private correctional facilities offer mental health services to inmates (Beck and Maruschak 2001).
2006). 1 Crime and Public Health in the United States 3 A prospective longitudinal study, the Northwestern Juvenile Project, which investigated the health needs and outcomes of delinquent youth, examined mortality rates among the 1,829 youth enrolled and found that the overall mortality rate of delinquent youth was four times greater than the general-population rate (Teplin et al. 2005). This mortality link was even stronger for cities where gang activity is high. In Los Angeles and Chicago, for instance, approximately 50% of homicides have been ‘gang related’ for over a decade (Egley et al.