By Timothy D. Hall

The First nice Awakening in eighteenth-century the United States challenged the institutional constructions and raised the awareness of colonial american citizens. those revivals gave upward push to the perform of itinerancy during which ministers and laypeople left their very own groups to evangelise around the nation-state. In Contested Boundaries, Timothy D. corridor argues that the Awakening used to be mostly outlined via the resultant debate over itinerancy. Drawing on contemporary scholarship in cultural and social anthropology, cultural reviews, and eighteenth-century faith, he finds on the heart of this debate the itinerant preacher as a catalyst for dramatic switch within the spiritual perform and social order of the hot World.
This e-book expands our figuring out of evangelical itinerancy within the 1740s via viewing it in the context of Britain’s increasing advertisement empire. As professional- and anti-revivalists attempted to form a burgeoning transatlantic patron society, the itinerancy of the nice Awakening looks the following as a forceful problem to modern assumptions concerning the position of people inside their social global and the function of knowledgeable leaders as regulators of conversation, order, and alter. the main celebrated of those itinerants used to be George Whitefield, an English minister who made extraordinary excursions during the colonies. in response to corridor, the actions of the itinerants, together with Whitefield, inspired within the colonists an openness past neighborhood limitations to an increasing array of decisions for trust and behaviour in an more and more cellular and pluralistic society. within the procedure, it cast a brand new version of the church and its social world.
As a reaction to and a resource of dynamic social swap, itinerancy in Hall’s strong account presents a prism for viewing anew the worldly and otherworldly ameliorations of colonial society. Contested Boundaries might be of curiosity to scholars and students of colonial American heritage, non secular experiences, and cultural and social anthropology.

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Whitefield augmented this New Side challenge by forging an alliance with the Tennents and inspiring a host of Presbyterian imitators. s In New England the "settled ministry'S" own Calvinism and the ministers' approbation of revival made them slower to recognize itinerancy's challenge to their well-ordered parochial system. When Whitefield visited New England in the autumn of 1740, parish ministers inundated him with letters of invitation not only into individual pulpits but also into the territories of entire ministerial associations.

George Whitefield's cavalier disregard for the established hierarchy was played out in his transgression of Anglican parish bounds and his attacks on the clergy who served them. The Grand Itinerant seemed eager to pronounce his Anglican colleagues unconverted bigots who were disobedient to the faith. 2 Anglicans read Whitefield's attack on the Latitudinarian Archbishop John Tillotson as a challenge to the authority of the Established church itself. " 4 Among midcolonial Presbyterians, Whitefield's itinerancy brought to a head a conflict that was already brewing over the meaning and integrity of the local parish bound.

Yet Congregationalists, set free in the New World to realize their vision for a pure church and society, chose to replicate the localism they had known at home. Settlers from one English locale generally joined former neighbors to re-create in a New England town the features of the community they had left behind. 35 In their establishment of an ecclesiastical order, the Puritan migrants intensified the bonds between church, minister, and local community. Each town at its founding built one meetinghouse which housed town meetings as well as Sabbath assemblies.

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