By Joseph J. Bozell (Eds.)

content material: Chemical and fabrics from renewable assets / Joseph J. Bozell --
Polyhydroxyalkanoates: the reply to sustainable polymer creation / Tillman U. Gerngross --
imaginative and prescient for renewable assets / James S. Mclaren --
Synthesis of đ-aminolevulinic acid / Luc Moens --
Levulinate esters from biomass wastes / Edwin S. Olson ... [et al.] --
Carbohydrate diacids: strength as advertisement chemical substances and hydrophobic polyamide precursors / D.E. Kiely --
Levoglucosenone: a chiral construction block with a brand new point of view / Zbigniew J. Witczak --
New oligomers and polymers bearing furan moieties / Claire Coutterez ... [et al.] --
Furfural and levoglucosan construction from deciduous wooden and agricultural wasters / Janis Gravitis ... [et al.] --
Pretreatment procedures to extend pyrolytic yield of levoglucosan from herbaceous feedstocks / Robert C. Brown, Desmond Radlein, and Jan Piskorz --
3-Dehydroshikimic acid: a construction block for chemical synthesis from renewable feedstocks / K.M. Draths ... [et al.] --
Synthesis and houses of polymers derived from substituted lactic acids / Mao Yin, Tara L. Simmons, and Gregory L. Baker --
built-in approach for the creation of chemical substances from biologically derived succinic acid / Nhuan Nghiem ... [et al.] --
Use of version compounds to review the reactivity and cross-linking of common phenolics / Stephen S. Kelley ... [et al.] --
Thermoplastic polyesters from steam exploded wooden / Wolfgang G. Glasser and Rajesh okay. Jain.

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For both of these uses, DALA requires the addition of small amounts of chemical "modulators" to trigger its herbicidal action. By varying the modulator, DALA can be formulated such that a variety of weeds are killed while leaving grass or crops unharmed. Unfortunately, the production cost for DALA has been very high, and this has prevented its widespread application. With the advent of cheaper levulinic acid through the Biofine process, the development of better synthetic routes towards D A L A may lead to its commercialization.

Rappe, C. Arkiv. Kemi 1959, 13, 425. 48. Hurd, C. ; Ferraro, J. R. J. Org. Chem. 1951, 16, 1639. 49. Overend, W. ; Turton, L. ; Wiggins, L. F. J. Chem. Soc. 1950, 3500. 50. De Kimpe, N . ; Verhé, R. ; J. Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1988. 51. ; Hongwen, H. Synthesis 1990, 122. 52. ; Hongwen, H. Synthesis 1990, 615. 53. ; Hong-wen, H. Tetrahedron Lett. 1989, 5285. 54. Evans, J. ; Goralski, C. ; Rand, C. ; Vosejpka, P. C. S. Patent 5,599,986, 1997. 55. Gramain, J. ; Rémuson, R. Synthesis 1982, 264.

Rappe, C. Arkiv. Kemi 1959, 14, 467. 47. Rappe, C. Arkiv. Kemi 1959, 13, 425. 48. Hurd, C. ; Ferraro, J. R. J. Org. Chem. 1951, 16, 1639. 49. Overend, W. ; Turton, L. ; Wiggins, L. F. J. Chem. Soc. 1950, 3500. 50. De Kimpe, N . ; Verhé, R. ; J. Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1988. 51. ; Hongwen, H. Synthesis 1990, 122. 52. ; Hongwen, H. Synthesis 1990, 615. 53. ; Hong-wen, H. Tetrahedron Lett. 1989, 5285. 54. Evans, J. ; Goralski, C. ; Rand, C. ; Vosejpka, P. C. S. Patent 5,599,986, 1997. 55. Gramain, J.

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