By Erik Malmqvist, Kristin Zeiler
Scientific remedy, examine and expertise allow us to make bodies, or components of them, on hand to others in a growing number of methods. this is often the case in organ, tissue, egg and sperm donation in addition to in surrogate motherhood and scientific study. Bringing jointly prime students engaged on the moral, social and cultural features of such physically exchanges, this state-of-the-art publication develops new methods of realizing them.
Bodily Exchanges, Bioethics and Border Crossing either probes the verified giving and promoting frameworks for conceptualising physically exchanges in medication, and seeks to improve and think about one other, much less common framework: that of sharing. A framework of sharing can trap practices that contain giving up and gifting away a part of one’s physique, reminiscent of organ and tissue donation, and practices that don't, comparable to surrogacy and study participation. Sharing additionally acknowledges the a number of relationalities that those exchanges can contain and invitations inquiry into the context within which they ensue. furthermore, the publication explores the a number of varieties of border crossing that physically exchanges in medication contain, from the actual limitations of the physique to relational borders – as can occur in surrogacy – to nationwide borders and the diversity of moral concerns that those quite a few border-crossings may give upward thrust to.
Engaging with anthropology, sociology, philosophy, and feminist and postcolonical views, this can be an unique and well timed contribution to modern bioethics in a time of accelerating globalization. will probably be of use to scholars and researchers from various humanities and social technology backgrounds in addition to clinical and different healthcare pros with an curiosity in bioethics.
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Additional info for Bodily Exchanges, Bioethics and Border Crossing: Perspectives on Giving, Selling and Sharing Bodies
The ﬁrst criterion is not formulated out of a concern for identity-transgressing issues and thus, in a sense, it may be superﬂuous in the present analysis. That we care the most about cells and organs that we cannot lose without also losing our health or life is simply a matter of the body parts being removed from our body, not about their being transplanted into another body. We would be equally concerned, and in an equal way, if the body parts stayed in our body but ceased to perform their proper biological functions.
Much more could be said about each of these books and the insights each has brought as to the interest of using Mauss’ essay in analysing practices involving the provision of body parts and substances for therapeutic purposes. Suﬃce it here to say that these three pioneers set a trend that has continued to this day: both Mauss’ essay and the theme of the gift are constantly evoked in social science research on the donation of human biological materials, even if Mauss is sometimes only cited as a passing reference.
In the United Kingdom, Richard Titmuss, a specialist in social administration concerned with issues of welfare and social justice, wrote a book about the provision of blood for transfusion. His book entitled The Gift Relationship (Titmuss 1970) mobilizes Mauss’ conceptual framework in comparing the way blood is procured in diﬀerent societies. He concludes that systems relying on voluntary altruistic donation in the context of a public service are far superior in terms of their public health consequences than private commercial systems that rely on the selling of one’s blood for a fee.