By Sean McGrail

This can be the 1st publication to deal comprehensively with the archaeology of rafts, boats, and ships from the Stone Age to Medieval occasions. all of the areas of the area are coated, from Atlantic Europe and the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, the China Sea, and the Pacific.

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Boats of the World: From the Stone Age to Medieval Times

This can be the 1st ebook to deal comprehensively with the archaeology of rafts, boats, and ships from the Stone Age to Medieval occasions. the entire areas of the area are lined, from Atlantic Europe and the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, the China Sea, and the Pacific.

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Indigenous evidence for sail in Mesopotamia is from a very much later date and thus it is unlikely that this feature has been copied by Egyptians from Mesopotamian prototypes. The low-curved form of hull seems most appropriate to the reed-bundle raft which may have had independent origins in Mesopotamia and Egypt, and indeed in many other parts of the world. 4). 3100 BC onwards there is an increasing amount of iconographic and documentary evidence for the building and the use of water transport, and the illustrative material, whilst still not absolutely clear, is more readily interpreted than the prehistoric petroglyphs and pottery paintings.

The table also takes into account whether there is any known tradition of the use of each type of raft or boat in those regions. 1-5 Presentation of the Evidence The aim of this study is to use all forms of evidence, especially archaeological, to present an account of how rafts, boats, and ships were built, propelled, steered and generally used, from earliest times to somewhere in the period AD 1400-1800. When in that period the study ends depends upon circumstances in a particular region, but generally speaking, it coincides with the introduction of frame-first building and the formal design of ocean-going ships.

9; James, 1983: plate 4) the hunter is shown standing on what appears to be a decking or a wooden platform laid on top of the bundles. In pre-dynastic times stays at the ends held the upturned end and the bottom of the bundle raft in the correct relationship (Landstrom, 1970:16, figs. 32-4,43; Heyerdahl, 1978: figs. 4 and 5). In later times these relative positions seem to have been maintained by a taut rope lashed to the entire upper rim of the raft (Landstrom, 1970: figs. 294,297,304,309): an alternative method is seen on the two 'trawling' models from the eleventh-dynasty tomb of Meket-re (Casson, 1971: fig.

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