By Bharat Bhushan

This booklet presents a finished assessment of the structural, nanotribological and nanomechanical homes of pores and skin with and with out cream remedy as a functionality of working atmosphere. The biophysics of epidermis because the outer layer masking human or animal physique is mentioned as a posh organic constitution. pores and skin cream is used to enhance dermis healthiness and create a delicate, gentle, and versatile floor with wet notion by way of changing the outside roughness, friction, adhesion, elastic modulus, and floor cost of the surface floor.

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Extra info for Biophysics of Skin and Its Treatments: Structural, Nanotribological, and Nanomechanical Studies

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Ge, S. (2012). Friction and durability of virgin and damaged skin with and without skin cream treatment using atomic force microscopy. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 3, 731–746. , & Tang, W. (2011). Surface, tribological and mechanical characterization of synthetic skins for cosmetic science. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 120, 2881–2890. , & Ge, S. (2010). Nanomechanical characterization of skin and skin cream. Journal of Microscopy, 240, 135–144. , & Haddad, P. (2005). Friction and wear studies of human hair and skin.

Chaudhuri, R. , Deshipande, A. , & Paknikar, S. K. (2006). Design of a photostabilizer having built-in antioxidant functionality and its utility in obtaining broad-spectrum sunscreen formulations. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 82, 823–828. , & Bhushan, B. (2006). AFM studies of conditioner thickness distribution and binding interactions on hair surface. Journal of Microscopy, 221, 203–215. , & Bhushan, B. (2013). Naonomechanical and nanotribological characterization of two synthetic skins with and without skin cream treatment using atomic force microscopy.

Lee, Y. , Song, K. , Park, M. , & Nam, Y. S. (1999b). Studies on gelatin-containing artificial skin: II. Preparation and characterization of cross-linked gelatin-hyaluronate sponge. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 48, 631–639. , et al. (2001). Reconstruction of burn scar of the upper extremities with artificial skin. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 108, 378–384. Curren, R. , Gibson, D. , & Aardema, M. J. (2005). Development of a novel micronucleus assay in the human 3-D skin model, EpiDermTM.

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