By S-W. Breckle, W. Wucherer (auth.), Siegmar-W. Breckle, Walter Wucherer, Liliya A. Dimeyeva, Nathalia P. Ogar (eds.)
Having been the fourth greatest lake at the globe approximately 50 years in the past, this day the Aral Sea not exists. Human actions prompted its desiccation and the formation of a big new wasteland, the Aralkum, which might be considered as one of many maximum ecological catastrophes and - whilst - the biggest basic succession test of mankind.
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Additional resources for Aralkum - a Man-Made Desert: The Desiccated Floor of the Aral Sea (Central Asia)
The diversity and the distribution of dinoflagellate cysts within the assemblages characterised the sequence of salinity and lake-level changes during the past 2,000 years. Owing to the strong dependence of the hydrological activity of the Aral Sea on inputs from its tributaries, the lake levels are ultimately linked to fluctuations in meltwater discharges during spring. As the amplitude of glacial meltwater inputs is largely controlled by temperature variations in the Tien Shan and Pamirs during the melting season, salinity and lake-level changes of the Aral Sea reflect temperature fluctuations in the high catchment area during the past 2,000 years (Sorrel 2006).
Science Press, Beijing, pp 304–316 Breckle S-W, Agachanjanz OE, Wucherer W (1998) Der Aralsee: Geo€ okologische Probleme. Naturwiss Rdschau 51:347–355 Breckle S-W, Veste M, Wucherer W (2001) Sustainable land use in deserts. Springer, Heidelberg Breckle S-W, Veste M, Yair A (eds) (2008) Arid dune ecosystems: the Nizzana sands in the Negev desert. Ecology studies. Springer, Heidelberg Erdinger L, Hollert H, Eckl P (2011) Aral Sea: An Ecological Disaster Zone with Impact on Human Health. Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Elsevier/Burlington, p.
The loamysandy deposits of that phase contain shells from Dreissena, Adacna and other species. The water level was about 60 m asl. The deep denudation of the Apsheron deposits indicates that at the end of this phase a long continental phase prevailed. 2. The continental phase of the Aral Sea basin lasted almost until the end of the Pleistocene. The Syr Darya discharged its water much earlier than the Amu Darya into the Aral basin. But its discharge was irregular and rather small in comparison with the overall hydrological size of the huge basin.