By Robert G. Hoyland

Lengthy prior to Muhammed preached the faith of Islam, the population of his local Arabia had performed a big function in international heritage as either retailers and warriors
Arabia and the Arabs presents the single updated, one-volume survey of the sector and its peoples, from prehistory to the arriving of Islam
Using a variety of assets - inscriptions, poetry, histories, and archaeological proof - Robert Hoyland explores the most cultural components of Arabia, from historical Sheba within the south, to the deserts and oases of the north. He then examines the main issues of
*the economy
*art, structure and artefacts
*language and literature
*Arabhood and Arabisation
The quantity is illustrated with greater than 50 photos, drawings and maps.

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Additional resources for Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming of Islam (Peoples of the Ancient World)

Sample text

Furthermore both empires engaged in a scramble for influence, striving to win peripheral peoples over to their side. Thus the peoples of Ethiopia and Arabia were both actively courted for their allegiance and support. They benefited from this in that they could extract subsidies and power, but only at the price of compromising their independence and freedom of action. Finally, the ruling elites no longer remained indifferent to the beliefs of the masses. Indeed the emperors of both realms, now sharing their creed with the majority of their subjects, evinced an interest in the promotion of religious uniformity within their lands, achieving this via a hierarchically organised clergy.

The second possibility, the Macians and their country of Maka, is a more likely contender for east Arabia. It is glossed in one list with the phrase ‘the lands that are beyond the sea’ (Persepolis E) and is described by classical writers (Arrian, Ind. 10) as the headland on the Arabian side of the straits of Hormuz. 330 BC–AD 240) In this period the balance of power in the Middle East initially shifted westwards, the Persian empire being swept away by the conquests of the violent, drunken, emotionally unstable but brilliant Alexander, who is usually dubbed ‘the Great’.

The most famous such incident took place in southern Iraq at Dhu Qar in the first decade of the seventh century. 1016) and fashioned it into a historical romance packed with stirring rhetoric and dramatic battle scenes. The Sasanian period was also marked by the introduction and expansion of Christianity in east Arabia. From the biography of a monk named Jonah we learn that in the region of Qatar there existed a monastery in the 340s AD. Around 390 a certain ‘Abdisho‘ left southern Iraq for ‘an island of Yamama and Bahrain’, where ‘he lived an ascetic life, baptised its inhabitants and built a monastery’ (Chron.

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